A - flat
B - cross-section
C - reverse D
D - D shaped


Lightly raised
Pronounced raising



How do you make two-colour rings?

Two-colour rings can be made by soldering two types of metal together, or by combining them mechanically.

How to select proper ring size?

A ring should be comfortable to wear. When choosing your size, take into account the width of the ring – different size comes with a wide ring, and a different one with a narrow ring. Test rings you try on should match the shape of your future wedding ring.

Another aspect to be taken into account is the conformation of hand and finger (shape of your fingers, e.g. narrow tip and wide base, thickness of joints, etc.). Time of year and the condition of our organisms matter as well. For instance our fingers may be swollen because of high temperature outside – remember about such things when measuring your future rings. A good goldsmith can make your ring bigger or smaller. Make sure you ask about it when placing your order.

The inside profile of the ring (B or D shape) makes wearing and removing your ring easier, but does not change the internal diameter of the ring.

The general rule is: rings should be comfortable, and worn and removed with a gentle push.

How to check whether gold is genuine?

Professionals analyse gold using touchstone and special liquids. The other option is using a spectrometer.

Gold below 500 does not dissolve in concentrated nitric acid.

Every golden piece should bear an assay standard hallmark and a maker's mark.

How to clean rings?

Rings made of precious metals with gemstones should be cleaned with a damp cloth or brush with a drop of dishwashing liquid.

Wood used in jewellery incrustation is water resistant. However, watch out for detergents, stones and abrasive surfaces.

Some goldsmiths, those who trust their products, give a lifetime guarantee for them. Andrzej Bielak from Poland is one of them.

What gold to choose so that rings do not wear?

The best quality-price ratio is found in 585 gold (14 carat).

333 gold has in fact a very little amount of gold in it and is chemically reactive.

750 gold (18 carat) is soft and may get scratched easily.

Rings wear more from inside than outside. The inside part of rings is in constant touch with skin, dust, sand that make the ring worn. The outside part of rings is in touch with air most of the time.

It is worth inquiring whether when making your rings your goldsmith uses a gold hardening technology.

Is white gold with nickel allergenic?

Pure gold is neutral for organism and thus not allergenic.

About 5% population are allergic to nickel that is the most common material used to change gold colour to white. Another solution is to use palladium, which is more expensive than nickel, but not allergenic.

Can I change ring size?

Ask your goldsmith about change of size up or down. It is possible in majority of cases, even in case of rings made of titanium and/or with gemstones set in them. Andrzej Bielak adjusts sizes of all rings made by him.

How do you make fingerprints on golden rings?

To make your fingerprints, please follow the instruction:

  1. Take a white sheet of paper, a cloth and some ink;
  2. Pour some ink on a cloth and spread the ink over the tip of your finger;
  3. Press the finger on the piece of paper (the fingerprint must be clear, lines should not merge).
  4. With two parallel lines mark the piece you'd like to have engraved on your ring. the width of this piece should be similar to your selected width of the ring;
  5. Sign you fingerprints with your names so that we can engrave them properly (his fingerprint on her ring, her fingerprint on his ring;
  6. Pack the sheet of paper with your fingerprints in an envelope and send it back to us, together with sample rings, to the following address:

Ul. Halczyna 3,
30-086 Kraków

What can you print in rings?

Virtually anything: a fingerprint, hand, lips... It can be an ECG or a secret message in a binary code. Anything, depending on our clients' creativity and wishes.

What makes gold have different colours?

Colour of gold depends on what other materials are used in the alloy and on their proportion. The most popular alloy is 14 carat 585 gold, which means that in the alloy there is 58.5% of pure gold. The rest are additions. Such golden alloy is quite hard, but still softer that e.g. steel cutlery.

Gold can be yellow, white (with nickel or – better – palladium), pink (with copper) or even blue (with iron and nickel).

Can I mix collections?

Yes, you can mix several collections together, following a consultation with Andrzej Bielak or his representative in case of more complicated ideas.

What makes the price of rings?

Price of rings depends on the price of raw material, goldsmith's expertise and experience, his creativity and amount of work, as well as all obligatory fees and taxes.

There are various new goldsmithing technologies available, computer-aided and machine-aided ones, which sometimes make the end-result cheaper, but kill uniqueness.

When choosing your wedding rings, consider unique techniques such as mokume gane, niello, damask steel, palladium incrustation, wood and/or manual engraving. These techniques are mastered by few most experienced goldsmiths, including Andrzej Bielak from Poland.

What gold are Andrzej Bielak's rings made of?

Of yellow 585 gold (14 carat), and of 750 gold (18 carat) in case of special orders

Are there any good jewellers in Poland?

A jeweller works with gemstones. Jewellery is made by goldsmiths.

There are very few specialists making wedding rings or jewellery in general with traditional methods. There are less and less good goldsmiths, there is no education in this respect, but some of them are working for Andrzej Bielak ;)